Urbanization

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Term Info
Urbanization
Category Sustainable Development Terms
Last Edit By FIDIC
E-Mail suggestions [at] fidicterms.org
Last Edit Date 2018-07-02

Urbanization means :

SDABC2015.png The ABC for Sustainable Cities - A glossary for policy makers. 1st edition (2015)

The growing share of the population lives in urban settlements (1) [often due to] the physical growth of urban areas [that] result[s in] global change in population location (2). Urbanisation is often used more loosely, however, to refer to a broad-based rural-to-urban transition involving population, land use, economic activity and culture, or indeed any one of these. Thus, it is frequently used to refer to changes in land-use for specific areas (usually on the periphery of urban concentrations) as this land becomes ‘urbanised’ and is sold and developed for urban use (e.g. the sale of plots for housing) (1). [In any case, t]he “pull” of the city has always been based on the benefits of urban agglomeration because living in cities permits the individual to take advantage of the opportunities of proximity, diversity and marketplace competition. However, most urbanization is likely to occur in cities relatively unprepared to accommodate these numbers, with potential negative repercussions for quality of life, economic development and the natural environment. (2) Rapid, unmanaged development often results in a pattern of urban sprawl and/or development on productive and biologically critical areas and habitats, which radically alters the form of the ecological and biodiverse landscape. (3)

(1) Gordon McGranahan and David Satterthwaite. 2014. Urbanisation concepts and trends. IIED Working Paper. IIED, London. http://pubs.iied.org/10709IIED (2) UN-Habitat (2012), Urban Patterns for a Green Economy: Leveraging Density, http://mirror.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=3343 (3) UN-Habitat (2012), Urban Patterns for a Green Economy: Working with Nature, http://mirror.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=3343