Material Flow Analysis (MFA)

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Term Info
Material Flow Analysis (MFA)
Category Sustainable Development Terms
Last Edit By FIDIC
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Last Edit Date 2018-07-02

Material Flow Analysis (MFA) means :

SDABC2015.png The ABC for Sustainable Cities - A glossary for policy makers. 1st edition (2015)

In order to function, the global economy depends on a flow of materials that are extracted from the earth, processed via production and consumption processes to meet human needs, and then disbursed as wastes generated by the extraction, production and consumption processes. The most important materials extracted for use are biomass, fossil fuels, ores, industrial minerals and construction minerals. These material flows, which are referred to as the metabolic rate, are measured in tonnes per capita or per unit of GDP (tonnes/$1 billion of GDP). Material Flow Analysis (MFA) is the methodology or accounting framework that has emerged to calculate these material flows. The advantage of MFA is that it makes it possible to quantify resource material flows, i.e. the total amounts extracted, the total amounts used, and the total amount extracted but not used.

International Panel on Sustainable Resource Management United Nations.