|Category||Sustainable Development Terms|
|Last Edit By||FIDIC|
|suggestions [at] fidicterms.org|
|Last Edit Date||2018-06-29|
Hazard means :
Hazard refers to a dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. (1)
Towns and urban agglomerations are affected by natural disasters. Large cities and mega-cities concentrate and magnify risk, but smaller cities also suffer from exposure to multiple risks. Involvement in reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts in urban and peri-urban areas has become increasingly significant as emergency shelter to more permanent housing solutions following a disaster, sustainable neighbourhoods and integrated settlement approaches including construction materials and technologies, energy efficiency and ecological aspects, alternative water supply and sanitation systems, solid waste and environmentally friendly site management in high-risk and poor-income areas etc. (2)
(1) United Nation, 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction, http://www.unisdr.org/files/7817_UNISDRTerminologyEnglish.pdf, (2) Based on UNEP and Skat – Swiss Resource Centre and Consultancies for Development, 2012, Sustainable Reconstruction in Disaster-Affected Countries.