Ecological Footprint

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Term Info
Ecological Footprint
Category Sustainable Development Terms
Last Edit By FIDIC
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Last Edit Date 2018-06-20

Ecological Footprint means :

SDABC2015.png The ABC for Sustainable Cities - A glossary for policy makers. 1st edition (2015)

Ecological footprint is a measure of how much biologically productive land and water an individual, population or activity requires to produce all the resources it consumes and to absorb the waste it generates using prevailing technology and resource management practices. The ecological footprint is usually measured in global hectares (a common unit that encompasses the average productivity of all the biologically productive land and sea area in the world in a given year). Because trade is global, an individual or country’s footprint includes land or sea from all over the world. (1)

The Ecological Footprint measures the amount of biologically productive land and water area (bio capacity) required to produce the resources an individual, population or activity consumes, and to absorb carbon dioxide emissions they generate, given prevailing technology and resource management. This area is expressed in global hectares (hectares with world average biological productivity). (2)

(1) Global Footprint Network (; (2) SBN 978-2-940443-87-1 WWF; Living Planet Report® 2014