Decoupling (resources)

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Term Info
Decoupling (resources)
Category Sustainable Development Terms
Last Edit By FIDIC
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Last Edit Date 2018-06-20

Decoupling (resources) means :

SDABC2015.png The ABC for Sustainable Cities - A glossary for policy makers. 1st edition (2015)

Resource decoupling means reducing the rate of use of (primary) resources per unit of economic activity. This ‘dematerialization’ is based on using less material, energy, water and land resources for the same economic output. Resource decoupling leads to an increase in the efficiency with which resources are used. Such enhanced resource productivity can usually be measured unequivocally: it can be expressed for a national economy, an economic sector or a certain economic process or production chain, by dividing added value by resource use (e.g. GDP/ Domestic Material Consumption). If this quotient increases with time, resource productivity is rising. Another way to demonstrate resource decoupling is comparing the gradient of economic output over time with the gradient of resource input; when the latter is smaller, resource decoupling is occurring.

UNEP (2011) Decoupling natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth, A Report of the Working Group on Decoupling to the International Resource Panel. Fischer-Kowalski, M., Swilling, M., von Weizsäcker, E.U., Ren, Y., Moriguchi, Y., Crane, W., Krausmann, F., Eisenmenger, N., Giljum, S., Hennicke, P., Romero Lankao, P., Siriban Manalang, A., Sewerin, S.